A fungal infection that occurs in the edge of the nail.
Nail discoloration is observed and sometimes, the nail may have a white spot or may turn yellow, brown, or green.
It is caused by dermatophyte fungus. Yeast and molds can also cause nail fungus.
Diagnosis involves physical exam and testing.
→ Common treatment options
→ How is this diagnosed?
- Treatable by a medical professional
- Diagnosed by medical professional
- Rarely requires lab test or imaging
- Can last several months
- Transmitted through indirect contact and direct contact
- More common in males
Oral antifungal medication is used most often. Antifungal nail lacquer or topical solution may also be effective. Depending on the type and extent of infection, medication course will vary.
Oral antifungals: Antifungal medicines work by either killing the fungal cells or by preventing the growth and reproduction of fungal cells.
Terbinafine . Itraconazole . Fluconazole
Nail excision: Temporary or permanent removal of the nail is carried out.
→ Questions to ask your doctor
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